Rope rescue refers to any rescue where a rope is required to safely move the subject, the rescuer, or both. This may be on terrain where the slope is over a certain angle, on vertical terrain, or in areas where a slip or fall will have drastic consequences. Rope rescue courses teach a top-down, dual rope “static” system Training standards are high, with certifications for team member, team leader and instructor levels.
Swift water rescue training is very involved, with some courses lasting several days and covering aspects such as boat operations, shoreline rescue, disentanglement, swimming and “line across” techniques.
Specialized equipment for flat water response can range from simple rigid hull inflatable boats and jet skis to full size aluminium rescue boats and hovercraft. Groups that have this capability invest significant time and resources training and responding to flat water rescues.
Once basic mountain travel skills are learned, self rescue skills are taught; these are techniques used to rescue other team members travelling in the hazardous terrain. Crevasse rescue and companion rope rescue are part of these skills. Finally, organized mountain rescue techniques are taught, as well as advanced medical training in spinal immobilization, oxygen therapy, subject packaging and transport, and the treatment of hypothermia and cold injuries.
Urban search and rescue is a type of technical rescue operation that involves the location, extrication, and initial medical stabilization of victims trapped in an urban area, namely structural collapse due to natural disasters, war, terrorism or accidents, mines and collapsed trenches.